The Importance of Class 2 NIC

4 September 2023

In the intricate landscape of personal finance and retirement planning, it’s easy to overlook certain aspects that could significantly influence your financial future.

The importance of Class 2 National Insurance Contributions (NIC) is one element that often flies under the radar. But don’t be fooled by its unassuming name; Class 2 NIC plays a pivotal role in ensuring your eligibility for state benefits, including the coveted State Pension. In this blog, we’ll explore Class 2 NIC, what it is, why it matters, and how it can impact your financial security in your golden years.

What is Class 2 NIC ?

Class 2 was originally established to enable the self-employed to gain access to a range of state benefits. These benefits inlcude DWP state pension, bereavement benefits, Employment and Support Allowance and Maternity Allowances.

If you do not pay Class 2 NIC then you may get ‘gaps’ in your National Insurance record.

Why are ‘Gaps’ relevant ?

‘Gaps’ in your record may mean that you don’t have enough qualifying years to get a full State Pension. You can go onto your Government Gateway and check your payment record.

What is a Qualifying Year and how many do I need ?

You need a minimum of 10 qualifying years to get any State Pension, they do not have to be consecutive.

You can currently get entitlement to a full State Pension if you have 35 qualifying years.

Do I have to pay it ?

Yes, paying Class 2 is mandatory for the self-employed if your profits are more than £12,570 a year (for 2022/23) and you are aged 16 and over but below retirement age.

If your profits are above £12,570 and you have 35 qualifying years you still have to keep paying until you reach retirement age.

You do not have to pay it if your profits fall between £6,725 and £12,570 you will instead receive a credit against your NIC record – without the requirement to make any payment.

However, if your profits fall below £6,725, you will need to opt to pay voluntary Class 2 NIC to receive this credit.

How much do I have to pay ?

For 2022-23 the rate is £3.15/week and this is added to your Self-Assessment Tax Return as one sum of £163.80.

If there are ‘Gaps’ in my payment record can I make them up ?

You can usually only fill in the ‘gaps’ in your NIC record from the past 6 years and you must have been eligible to pay them.

Should I make the ‘Gaps’ up ?

That is not a straightforward question. It depends on how close to retirement you are! Also, if you still have enough potential qualifying years ahead of you to make up the shortfall.

So, whether you’re self-employed or closely approaching retirement age, understanding the significance of Class 2 NIC is essential for safeguarding your financial future. Take the time to evaluate your own situation and consider seeking professional advice if needed. It’s a proactive step towards a more financially secure retirement and ensuring you’re compliant with HMRC regulations.

Ready to take control of your financial future? Don’t let ‘gaps’ in your National Insurance record jeopardise your State Pension eligibility.

Reach out to our expert team at BAS Associates today for personalised guidance on Class 2 NIC. We also provide support with other essential aspects of your business financial planning, tax and compliance needs.

Contact us now for a free consultation – your financial peace of mind starts here!

This blog was written by BAS team member Bev Reekes – meet the BAS team here!

More for you to read

Basis Period Reform

Basis Period Reform

What is Basis Period Reform and does it affect me? HMRC are bringing in new rules, called Basis Period Reform, from April 2024 that will see all...

BAS Spring Budget Updates

BAS Spring Budget Updates

Written by Brett Smith, Director & Accountant at BAS. Isn’t Budget Day super exciting? For personal reasons, I had to work from home for a few hours on...

Regardless of the services you select all clients will benefit from:

Free ongoing advice

We want you to succeed

Online portals

Access all historic and current accounts or returns at any time

No surprises

We will never send you a surprise bill for calls, emails or meetings

We keep it simple

We're not a fan of jargon either

Peace of mind

If we say we're going to do it, it will get done

Value for money

We work as efficiently and price as competitively as possible

Everything starts with a conversation,
how can we help?

Brett Smith

Brett Smith

Tax & Accountancy

Sian Smith

Sian Smith

Business & Development